If you are one of those staunch nature enthusiasts, then the rainforests in India are surely your place to be! Be one of those wildlife veterans that you see on TV and move out to explore the mystery behind the amazing rainforests in India.
From Andaman to the Western Ghats, Indian lands are ambushed with rainforests that are not just aesthetically pleasing, but a huge source of oxygen as well. Not to mention the abundance of occupations for the people taking care of the same. These thickets have been protected and taken good care of for eons. Therefore, explore these rainforests to experience the best of nature, click Instagram-worthy photographs, and indulge in thrilling tourist activities!
What is the best time to visit the Rainforests in India?
- Visit during the dry season to explore most of the rainforests in India. Not to mention that hiking trails become a lot easier. It’s easy to explore the exciting fauna and flora as the otherwise muddy land dries out pretty well. The only problem here is the scorching heat.
- Well, the wet season is of course profitable for a lot of wildlife photographers as a myriad number of rare birds and animal species can be found. Not to mention the lush-green forest appearance!
Top 5 Rainforests In India
Given below are the avant-garde rainforests in India. Scroll through to know more!
This one’s a tropical evergreen forest and one of the best examples to gain knowledge of the same! The variety of fauna and flora further make the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the best places to visit! Not to mention that these islands have a rare collection of plant and animal species that have been passed over for ages from the neighboring countries of Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Thailand.
Rainforests in Andaman and Nicobar Islands further have about 22,000 varieties of plant species, and therefore a rich biosphere. Also, these tropical rainforests receive an average total of 2000 mm of rainfall throughout.
Places to visit- Havelock Island, Diglipur and Baratang
The rainforests in Assam are truly dense and to some extent, very isolated as well. The forests are located in Assam to the most extent but parts of the same can also be found in Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Tripura. Low-lying hills are a trademark in these forests, making up for a thicket at an average height of 900 meters.
Much acclaimed for their moist sal monsoon forests, the Assam rainforests are home to many species of wild monkeys like Rhesus Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Slow Loris capped Langurs, Pig-tailed Macaque, Stam-tailed Macaque, and Hoolock Gibbons. Not to mention the intriguing herds of wild animals which are indeed a sight worthwhile!
Places to visit- Kaziranga National Park, North Cachar Hills, and Dibrugarh
3. North Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests
This stretch of moist deciduous rain forests in India is mostly found in Maharashtra and Karnataka, making up the northern part of the Western Ghats covering a total area of around 30,000 square kilometers.
The western ghats are home to more than 1100 species of animals out of which more than 200 are endemic to that region. It’s even acclaimed for being a humongous habitat for elephants. However, as sad as it is, two-thirds of the original forest land has already been deforested.
Places to visit- Eravikulam National Park, Silent Valley National Park, Chandoli National Park, and Kudremukh National Park
4. South Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests
Kerala and Tamil Nadu make up for South Western Ghats and the Moist Deciduous Forests that are a boon off the same! The lush-green region is divided into two categories- The South Ghats ( famous for endemic species in the whole of the Deccan peninsula). Large animals such as tigers, Gaur, and Elephants find a huge respite in these lands, where they are quite free to move about freely!
The chief highlight of these deciduous rain forests is the Neelakurunji that blooms every twelve years and spreads across the mountain in blue. What a wow! The rainfall in this area is anywhere between 250-800 cm. The following are the stupendous collection of flora in these forests- Calophyllum austroindicum, Garcinia travancorica, Mesua ferrea, Gluta travancorica, Memecylon subramanii, and Diospyros barberi.
Places to visit- Kodaikanal, Valparai, Mattupetty, Lovedale, and Meghamalai
5. Odisha Semi-evergreen forests
These rain forests have a rejuvenation edge to them. Truly a treat for sore eyes! Not to mention that every nature enthusiast should visit these forests once in a lifetime.
These rainforests are home to stupendous animal species. Some of which are- Tigers (Panther Tigers), Gaurs, and Elephants. The forest owes its existence to the Gondwana land. The species of flora in this region are divided into three layers. The upper layer consists of Michelia champaca, Bridelia tomentosa, and Artocarpus lakoocha. The middle layer has Polyalthia spp., Phoebe lanceolata, and Aphanamixis polystachya. And, the last one is all about herbs and canes.
Well, the rain forests in India are indeed worth-while and deserve a visit, at least once. Do let us know about your experiences later in the comments down below!